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Common Brain Problems


Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such as trauma, brain clots, epilepsy, head injury, concussions and brain tumors. We are inspired and committed to cutting-edge patient care and the treatment of patients with brain illnesses to the satisfaction.


Brain Tumor


The brain tumor is the horde of abnormal cells growth in any part of the brain. Brain tumor is classified in two types according to their behavior, malignant or cancerous tumor and benign tumor. The cause of such tumors is unknown but need immediate medical supervision, if found. These tumors are diagnosed by medical examination along with MRI and contrast enhanced CT scan, later confirmed by biopsy. The major symptoms are headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting and mental changes.


Brain Clot


Brain clots are the blood masses formed in the brain or outside the brain but beneath the skull. Clots can be easily diagnosed with plain CT scan of the brain. Cerebral angiogram and MRI are required for diagnosing the cause of clot formation. The major causes for these clotting are head injuries or trauma, hypertension, vascular malformation, consumption of blood thinners, inflammation of the vessels. In some cases, surgery is required if the medication fail to remove the clots.


Head Injury


Head injury caused due to any severe accidents or falls results in trauma to the skull or brain. This can be conspicuous and inconspicuous. Any injury in head can lead to an internal injury or bleeding in the brain can make the injury worst. It is diagnosed with the help of MRI and CT scan and if the internal part of the brain is injured then it require immediate medical treatments or surgery.


Brain Aneurysm Repair


Aneurysm is the weak area of the blood vessel wall that causes the vessel to form lumps and even sometimes burst (ruptured). The ruptured aneurysm can lead to death if not treated on time. Brain aneurysm repair is the surgical procedure to secure the cerebral aneurysm to prevent it from bursting and to cause internal bleeding. It is being diagnosed with the help of MRI and brain angiography. There are two surgical methods to repair cerebral aneurysm: Clipping and Endovascular repair.


Brain Injury Overview

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the damage caused by a blow or jolt to the brain can affect the psychological, physical and cognitive functions. TBI includes the causes like falls, accidents or any object penetrating in the brain. TBI can be serious and cause long term ailments. Any kind of injury to the brain is serious but a severe kind of injury to the brain can be lethal. TBI can be categorized according to the type of injury, brain has realized.

• Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI): MTBI mainly attributed to as concussion, is a loss of consciousness or disorientation for nearly 30minutes. This damage may not be visible in an MRI or CT scan. Symptoms are headache, confusion, lightheadedness, whirling sensation, foggy vision or weary eyes, bad taste, weariness and trouble with memory. MTBI can have long term effects, known as Post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Patients suffering for PCS might experience significant changes in the personality.

• Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (STBI): STBI includes all the MTBI's symptoms but in this case, the headaches can get worse or do not get away. The other symptoms of STBI are repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions, inability in waking up from sleep, dilation of one or both pupils, slurred speech, weakness or numbness, can increase more than 30 minutes. It may require surgical intervention.

For TBI, long term treatments and rehabilitation is required. The person suffering from it might require physiotherapy, speech therapy, counseling, social support and appropriate medications. TBI can cause multiple difficulties to the injured person as the brain experience a sudden lurching move which can cause diffuse axonal injury when the nerve cells are torn from one another. Localized damage can also occur if the brain strikes with the skull. Thus, it can result in widespread damage of the brain as the brain deflects inside the skull during the brunt. It cannot be treated by surgery and medicines are required for a long time.


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